Shoulder Tendonitis

Tendonitis of the shoulder is an inflammation of the rotator cuff and/or biceps tendon.  Shoulder tendonitis is usually the result of a tendon being pinched by surrounding structures.  Shoulder tendonitis often occurs in certain sports that require the arm to move over the head repeatedly.  These sports include baseball, weight lifting, racket sports, and most swimming strokes.  The injury may vary from mild inflammation to the majority of the rotator cuff.  When the rotator cuff tendon becomes inflamed and thickens, it is referred to as rotator cuff tendonitis.

Common Symptoms of Shoulder Tendonitis

The most common symptoms of shoulder tendonitis include the inability to hold the arm in certain positions and tenderness or pain in the shoulder area.  The symptoms of shoulder tendonitis may resemble other conditions or medical problems.  It is important to always consult a physician for a diagnosis.  In addition to a complete medical history and physical examination, diagnostic procedures for shoulder tendonitis may include an x-ray, which is a diagnostic test which uses invisible electromagnetic energy beams to produce images of internal tissues, bones, and organs into film.  Specific treatment for shoulder tendonitis will be determined by the physician based on the age of patient, overall health, and the medical history.

Types of Tendonitis

The symptoms of tendonitis that are produced near a joint aggravated by movement and include pain, mild swelling, and tenderness.  There are specific types of tendonitis including tennis elbow, Achilles tendonitis, adductor tendonitis, patellar tendonitis, and rotator cuff tendonitis.  The pain of tendonitis is usually worse with activities that use the muscle that is attached to the involved tendon.  Tendons are usually surrounded by a sheath of tissue which is similar to the lining of the joints.  These tendons are subject to the wear and tear of aging, inflammatory diseases, and direct injury.  The most common cause of tendonitis is injury or overuse of the tendon during work or play.  The pain is usually the result of a small tear in or inflammation of the tendon that links the muscle to the bone.  Tendonitis may also be associated with inflammatory diseases that occur throughout the body, including rheumatoid arthritis.

Common Cause of Tendonitis

The most common causes of tendonitis are strain, over exertion, repetitive movements, and sudden, unaccustomed movements.  Tendonitis is most common in seniors and middle aged people as the tendons of older individuals lack the elasticity of younger people and have sustained hundreds of microscopic tears due to daily wear and tear over the years.

There are also certain diseases that can cause tendonitis, such as rheumatoid arthritis, gout, Reiter’s Syndrome, lupus, and diabetes.  Some common types of tendonitis include rotator cuff tendonitis, Achilles tendonitis, and flexor digital tenosynovitis, (also called trigger finger).  Serious complications of tendonitis may include muscle wasting and disability.

The shoulder is the most vulnerable joint as it can freeze up, a condition called “frozen shoulder.”  In serious cases, the rotator cuff tendons can tear, which may lead to prolonged weakness and pain within the shoulder.  Long term treatment of tendonitis includes protecting the tendon from being strained until it is fully healed.  This will help to insure that the body is kept healthy and active for a long time.

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Relieves joint pain due to arthritis and tendonitis

Relieves joint pain due to arthritis and tendonitis